Rugezi marsh is located in an inundated valley in the north of Rwanda, to the east of Lake Burera on Uganda border. The vegetation of the marsh is dominated by Miscanthidium violaceum with stands of Cyperus latifolius around the fringes and an area of papyrus C. papyrus near the point of outflow. Average annual rainfall is estimated at 1,200 mm.
Some 43 bird species have been recorded from the marsh and its immediate vicinity, including five of the Afrotropical Highlands biome. This site is important for Bradypterus graueri and is unusual in that this species occurs together with B. carpalis.
Rugezi marsh is located in an inundated valley in the north of Rwanda on Uganda border, to the East of Lake Burera, at 2,050 m of altitude. The Marsh covers an area of 6,736 ha and extends between 1°21’ 30’’ and 1°36’ 11’’ of South Latitude and 29°49’ 59’’ and 29°59’ 50’’ East Longitude.
Rugezi marsh is a unique and important ecosystem where functionality or dysfunction has large local, regional and global consequences. The Rugezi Marsh is an important element in Akagera River and Nil systems. The importance of the Rugezi marsh i s very significant to the economy and conservation services due to its support to hydro-power generation downstream of the marsh and bird conservation services for tourism promotion.
The marsh covers part of the Important Bird Area including Grauer’s Swamp-warbler (Bradypterus graueri), Grey Crowned Crane listed as endangered species other threatened bird species including Papyrus Yellow Warbler “Bradypterus carpali s”. In the past, until 2009, Rigezi marsh faced the illegal agricultural activities, livestock grazing and poaching.
Today, the wetland has been restored and the water levels are back to original levels. This successful restoration has gained international recognition and Rwanda received the Green Globe Award in October 2010 in recognition to restore the Rugezi marsh.